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延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换-初中英语考试信息   

2007-11-09 19:41:20|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换-                                               

            延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换

            动词按其动作发生的方式、发生过程的长短可分为延续性动词与非延续性动词。
                一.延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep,
            have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live,
stay等。延续性动词可以与表示时间段的状语连用。
                表示时间段的短语有:for+一段时间,for 2 years; since从句,since he came here;
            since+时间点名词,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long
            time等。
                例:He has lived here for 6 years.  You can keep the book for 5
            days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year.  How long did you stay
            there last year?
                二.非延续性动词也称终止性动词、瞬间动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。 如:open, die, close,
            begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。
            非延续性动词在肯定句中与表示时间点的状语连用,如:two years ago; at 5 oclock;
            例:He died 5 years ago.
                否定的终止性动词可以与表示时间段的时间状语连用。例:I havent left here for 3 years. I
            havent heard from him for 3 weeks.
            三.延续性动词与非延续性动词之间的转换:leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy ---
            have,   begin/start --- be on,   die --- be dead,  finish --- be
            over,  join --- be in+组织机构, be a member of+组织机构,  open sth --- keep
            sth open,  fall ill ---  be ill,  get up---be up,   catch a cold ---
            have a cold,  come here --- be here, go there --- be there,   become
            --- be,   come back --- be back,  fall asleep --- be asleep,  get
            to/ arrive/reach --- be (in),  leave --- be away from,  get to know
            --- know, go (get) out →be out,  put on→ wear;catch a cold →have a
            cold等。   例:The old man died 4 years ago.  ----The old man has been
            dead for 4 years.    ---- It is 4 years since the old man died. 
            ----Four years has passed since the old man died.       He joined
            the Party 2 years ago.   -----He has been in the Party for 2 years. 
                I bought the book 5 days ago.  ---- I have had the book for 5
            days.
            补充练习:
            1. When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus ________ for 20 minutes.
            A. has left    B. had left   C. has been away     D. had been away
            2. I ______ the League for 5 years so far.  
            A. joined    B. have joined   C. have been in
            3. The factory ________ since the February of 1988.  
            A . has been open  B. has opened   C. was open   D. opened
            4. Mary and Rose _______friends since they met in 2000.  
            A. have made  B. have been  C. made    D. have become
            5.You mustnt ________ until he comes back.    
            A. be away   B. leave   C. be left
            6.The meeting  _______ for a week now. 
            A. has finished   B. has ended  C. has been over
            7.Miss Gao ______ this school for nearly 5 years. 
            A. has been in  B. has come to  C. has taught
            8.Ben ______ a teacher for 4 years . 
            A. has been  B. has become  C. was    D. became
            9. I ______ home for a week.   
            A. have returned   B. have been back   C. returned
            10. How long _______ he ________ ? 
            A. died    B. has, died   C. has, been dead
            11. He ______ at eight yesterday afternoon.
            A. slept    B. was sleeping   C. has sleep   D. had slept
            12.He ________ the car for a week.  
            A. bought    B. has bought   C. has had 
            13.-----How long _____ you _____ ill ? -----Two weeks. 
            A. did fall   B. have, fell  C. have, been
            14.Since 2000, he _____ his hometown. 
            A. has left   B. has moved away   C. has been away from
            15.Ill lend you the book , but you can only _____ it for 2 days. 
            A. borrow   B. keep   C. take
            16.The bus ______ on the road for 2 hours so far.  
            A. has stopped   B. stopped   C. has been
            17.Are you _____ the jacket these days?    
            A. wearing    B. putting on  C. dressing   D. on
            18.He ________ foe 2 hours. 
            A. got up   B.  has got up    C. has been up
            19. Tom is ill in hospital. He _______ a cold for several days.
            A. is      B. catches   C. has caught    D. has had
            20.----- How long can I ______ the book?    ------ Two weeks.
            A. borrow    B. lend   C. get    D. keep
            Key:
            1---5 D C A B B;  6---10 C A A B C;   11---15 B C C C B;   16---20 C
            A C D D


            

英语作文(导游介绍我市情况)


 

2006-7-3

点击:   6955次 

中国加入 WTO 后,有一大批外国人来我市——河源参观。假设你是导游,请根据以下内容,向外宾简单介绍我市的情况。

  要求: 1. 100 词左右; 2. 要点包括: a. 有悠久的历史,位于广东的东北部,离广州 198 公里,人口约 324 万。 b. 有许多名胜古迹,如苏家围( Sujiawei );万绿湖( WanluLake )等等;万绿湖是一个很美丽的地方,湖水清澈,无污染;湖中有各种各样的鱼;你可以到那里划船,野餐,钓鱼,是度假的好去处。你也可以去参观河源市博物馆,在那里你可以看到许多恐龙化石( fossil )。c. 祝大家在河源玩得愉快。

Ladies and gentlemen,

  Welcome to Heyuan, now let me introduce our city — Heyuan to you.

  ___________________________________________________

  ( 2005 广东河源)

  中考满分作文欣赏:

Ladies and gentlemen,

  Welcome to Heyuan, now let me introduce our city — Heyuan to you. Heyuan is a city with a long history. It is in the northeast of Guangdong and 198 kilometres away from Guangzhou. It has a population of 3,240,000.

  There are many places of interest in Heyuan, such as Sujiawei Wanlu Lake and so on. Wanlu Lake is a beautiful place. The water is clean and not polluted. There are all kinds of fish in it. You can go boating, go fishing and have a picnic there. It is really a good place to spend your holiday. Besides, you can go and visit Heyuan Museum. There you can see a lot of dinosaur egg fossils.

  I hope you can enjoy yourselves in Heyuan.

  Thank you.

 

 

 

 

 

语作文(北京奥运一名志愿者让外国朋友更多地了解北京)


 

 

 

 

( 2002 年黄冈市)小明做了一个梦。他梦见自己为北京奥运会做一名志愿者:他努力帮助来自世界各国的外国朋友……在交谈中,小明让外国朋友更多地了解北京。外国朋友感谢小明,并认为小明的英语非常好。小明很高兴,他甜蜜地笑了……

  请你根据设定的梦境并加以想象,写一段 80 词左右的短文。开始语和结束语均已给出(不计入总词数)。

  内容要求:

  ( 1 )帮助外国朋友;( 2 )与外国朋友交谈;( 3 )感谢小明;( 4 )小明很高兴。

  词汇参考: try ( do ) one's best , find ( that ), heavy ( lost ), carry ( show , take ), taxi ( car , bike ), on the way , talk with ( about )

  Xiao Ming had a dream (梦) last night . In the dream , he volunteered to serve (志愿列队) the Beijing Olympics .


Xiao Ming had a dream last night . In the dream , he volunteered to serve the Beijing Olym pics . He tried his best to help the foreign friends from different countries . When he found a foreign friend worried in the street , he went up to him and asked him what was the matter . The foreigner told Xiao Ming he was Jack , and he forgot the way to the Sun Hotel . Then Xiao Ming stopped a taxi and took him to the Sun Hotel . Xiao Ming talked with Jack on the way and made Jack know more about Beijing . Jack thanked Xiao Ming very much and thought Xiao Ming's English was very good . Xiao Ming was very happy . He smiled and smiled , then he woke up .

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