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延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换-初中英语考试信息   

2007-11-09 19:20:21|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换-                                               

            延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换

            动词按其动作发生的方式、发生过程的长短可分为延续性动词与非延续性动词。
                一.延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep,
            have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live,
stay等。延续性动词可以与表示时间段的状语连用。
                表示时间段的短语有:for+一段时间,for 2 years; since从句,since he came here;
            since+时间点名词,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long
            time等。
                例:He has lived here for 6 years.  You can keep the book for 5
            days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year.  How long did you stay
            there last year

 二.非延续性动词也称终止性动词、瞬间动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。 如:open, die, close,
            begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。
            非延续性动词在肯定句中与表示时间点的状语连用,如:two years ago; at 5 oclock;
            例:He died 5 years ago.
                否定的终止性动词可以与表示时间段的时间状语连用。例:I havent left here for 3 years. I
            havent heard from him for 3 weeks.
            三.延续性动词与非延续性动词之间的转换:leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy ---
            have,   begin/start --- be on,   die --- be dead,  finish --- be
            over,  join --- be in+组织机构, be a member of+组织机构,  open sth --- keep
            sth open,  fall ill ---  be ill,  get up---be up,   catch a cold ---
            have a cold,  come here --- be here, go there --- be there,   become
            --- be,   come back --- be back,  fall asleep --- be asleep,  get
            to/ arrive/reach --- be (in),  leave --- be away from,  get to know
            --- know, go (get) out →be out,  put on→ wear;catch a cold →have a
            cold等。   例:The old man died 4 years ago.  ----The old man has been
            dead for 4 years.    ---- It is 4 years since the old man died. 
            ----Four years has passed since the old man died.       He joined
            the Party 2 years ago.   -----He has been in the Party for 2 years. 
                I bought the book 5 days ago.  ---- I have had the book for 5
            days.
            补充练习:
            1. When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus ________ for 20 minutes.
            A. has left    B. had left   C. has been away     D. had been away
            2. I ______ the League for 5 years so far.  
            A. joined    B. have joined   C. have been in
            3. The factory ________ since the February of 1988.  
            A . has been open  B. has opened   C. was open   D. opened
            4. Mary and Rose _______friends since they met in 2000.  
            A. have made  B. have been  C. made    D. have become
            5.You mustnt ________ until he comes back.    
            A. be away   B. leave   C. be left
            6.The meeting  _______ for a week now. 
            A. has finished   B. has ended  C. has been over
            7.Miss Gao ______ this school for nearly 5 years. 
            A. has been in  B. has come to  C. has taught
            8.Ben ______ a teacher for 4 years . 
            A. has been  B. has become  C. was    D. became
            9. I ______ home for a week.   
            A. have returned   B. have been back   C. returned
            10. How long _______ he ________ ? 
            A. died    B. has, died   C. has, been dead
            11. He ______ at eight yesterday afternoon.
            A. slept    B. was sleeping   C. has sleep   D. had slept
            12.He ________ the car for a week.  
            A. bought    B. has bought   C. has had 
            13.-----How long _____ you _____ ill ? -----Two weeks. 
            A. did fall   B. have, fell  C. have, been
            14.Since 2000, he _____ his hometown. 
            A. has left   B. has moved away   C. has been away from
            15.Ill lend you the book , but you can only _____ it for 2 days. 
            A. borrow   B. keep   C. take
            16.The bus ______ on the road for 2 hours so far.  
            A. has stopped   B. stopped   C. has been
            17.Are you _____ the jacket these days?    
            A. wearing    B. putting on  C. dressing   D. on
            18.He ________ foe 2 hours. 
            A. got up   B.  has got up    C. has been up
            19. Tom is ill in hospital. He _______ a cold for several days.
            A. is      B. catches   C. has caught    D. has had
            20.----- How long can I ______ the book?    ------ Two weeks.
            A. borrow    B. lend   C. get    D. keep
            Key:
            1---5 D C A B B;  6---10 C A A B C;   11---15 B C C C B;   16---20 C
            A C D D
            

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